The word "arboretum" means a collection of trees, maintained as a park or park woodland.
Hatanpäänpuisto - Kartano
Hatanpäänpuisto – Arboretum
Hatanpää Arboretum comprises three parks. The Hatanpää Mansion and Villa Idman are surrounded by an old mansion park, the name of which is Hatanpäänpuisto - Kartano (Hatanpää Park - Mansion). The actual arboretum was created in the 1970's and it is called Hatanpäänpuisto - Arboretum (Hatanpää Park - Arboretum). The starting point of the area of Vihilahdenpuisto (Vihilahti Park) is in the southern end of this park. Vihilahdenpuisto has retained its natural state.
By visiting the Hatanpää Arboretum you can study woody plants and admire different perennials and spice plants.
Location on the map
Some of the plants of this park date from the 18th century when the mansion was owned by Baron Hans Henrik Boije. The layout of the terrain and the outline of the walkways were influenced by English parks, which were fashionable at the time.
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The present park dates mostly from the 19th century. There is a walk route that starts from behind the mansion and leads to the shore of Lake Pyhäjärvi. On the sides of the route there are two old spruces with a multiple crown called Hat and Cap. They were probably planted in the 18th century during the time of Hats and Caps (political parties of the day).
The construction of the arboretum started in 1971. The whole arboretum, except Pajaniemi, was constructed on filled land. The planting started in 1973.
The Latin and Finnish names of each plant are written on the label attached to the plant. In addition, there are information boards in the park displaying the names and locations of plants.
In 1994 a rock garden was created in the arboretum. There are over one hundred perennials and some thirty deciduous and coniferous shrubs, all thriving in the rocky ground. In the rock garden you can also observe different types of natural stone and concrete materials.
The arboretum specialises in plants that thrive in the Tampere region, but there are some rare species, too.
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In the summer, an information board to the north of the pond introduces what is known as the "plant of the week". The arrow on top of the board indicates the direction in which the plant is located. In addition, there is an information board located next to each week's special plant.
The arboretum will be extended in the next few years. More species and varieties are obtained and an experimental rose garden will be established in the extension.
The rose garden in Hatanpäänpuisto (Hatanpää Park) is located on a beautiful spot in the grounds of the old mansion. The rose garden was created south of the Hatanpää Mansion in the place of a former orchard. A few apple trees from the orchard have remained.
The mansion park is located west of the rose garden. The park dates partly from the 18th century. The sturdy old trees at the mansion park protect the roses from the winds blowing from Lake Pyhäjärvi.
Initially, 52 varieties of roses were planted in the rose garden. The garden was extended in 1991 - 1992 by planting ground-covering roses and shrub roses on the southern slope of the garden. In the spring of 1997, the slope was renovated by terracing it with stones. Nowadays you can admire over one hundred varieties of group roses, climbing roses and shrub roses in the rose garden.
The rose garden is at its most beautiful from late July to the end of September, when most of the roses bloom. Annually a few new varieties of group roses are tested out in the garden, and in spring some of the most sensitive varieties have to be replaced. The hardiest varieties last from year to year.
Arboretum, Rose garden, Hatanpää park
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In Vihilahdenpuisto, a special tree was planted in the summer of 1995 to commemorate the IUFRO XX World Congress held in Tampere. Most of the species planted in this park are trees that thrive in Finland, but there are some new species as well. Vihilahdenpuisto and its flowery meadows form the natural area of the arboretum.