The Lima Culture

The Lima culture (200-600 A.D.), named after Peru´s present capital, reigned on the middle coast in the river valleys of Rimac and Lurin and in Chancay area. Expansion of population, and building systems of irrigation and large ceremonial centres made of adobe were characteristic of the culture. The large and important temple area of Maranga that is situated within the borders of present-day Lima was probably one of the most significant places of the culture.

However, the most durable achievement of the Lima culture was the founding of the temple area of Pachacamac that became the ceremonial centre for over thousand years.

The ceramics of the Lima culture was developed from the local red and white ceramics of the middle coast. Black, strong colouring and random negative ornament painting are typical of it. Fish and triangle-headed serpents are the most common ornamental motifs.

A vessel with varied range of decorations combines features from the ceramic tradition of both the north and the south coast, the northern influence being shown above all in the sculptural decoration, and the southern in the double- spout-and-bridge shape of the vessel. © Museo Arqueológico Rafael Larco Herrera, Lima, Peru (Cat. 144)